Cross-Country Flight Planning

Cross-Country Flight Planning : Lesson Plan Private ASEL

Preflight Preparation
Practical Test Standards – Task Lesson Plan

DATE  :   ___________ / _______________ / ______________ 
PILOT APPLICANT    :   __________________________________________ 
SCHEDULE  : 
  • □ 20 min. / Legal Requirements
  • □ 30 min. / Weather Briefing and NOTAMS
  • □ 30 min. / Airplane Data and Weight and Balance
  • □ 60 min. / Selection of Charts and Course
  • □ 30 min. / Navigation Log and Flight Plan
  • □ 60 min. / Pilot Application and Trial and Practice
  • □ 30 min. / Critique and Preview of Next Lesson

Times are estimated depending on student’s ability.

EQUIPMENT  : 
  • □ FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual = AFM
  • □ Aeronautical Charts (Current)
  • □ Aeronautical Information Manual = AIM
  • □ Navigating Computer and Plotter
  • □ Weather Reports, Flight Briefing, and NOTAMS
  • □ Flight Plan Form, Navigation Log, and CFR’s
OBJECTIVE  :  The FAA requires that the pilot applicant :

  • □ 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to cross-country flight planning by presenting and explaining a preplanned VFR cross-country flight near the maximum range of the airplane, as previously assigned by the examiner. The final flight plan shall include real-time weather to the first fuel stop, with maximun allowable passenger and baggage loads.
  • □ 2. Uses appropriate, current aeronautical charts.
  • □ 3. Plots a course for the intended route of flight.
  • □ 4. Identifies airspace, obstructions, and terrain features.
  • □ 5. selects easily identifiable en route checkpoints.
  • □ 6. Selects the most favorable altitudes, considering weather conditions and equipment capabilities.
  • □ 7. Computes headings, flight time, and fuel requirements.
  • □ 8. Selects appropriate navigation systems / facilities and communication frequencies.
  • □ 9. Confirms availability of alternate airports.
  • □ 10. Extracts and records pertinent information from NOTAM’s, the Airport / Facility Directry, and other flight publications.
  • □ 11. Completes a navigation log and simulates filing a VFR flight plan.
ELEMENTS  : 
  • □ 1. Obtaining all necessary data
  • □ 2. Providing appropriate equipment
  • □ 3. Preparation of VFR flight plan
  • □ 4. Plotting route, intermediate stops, checkpoints, and alternates
  • □ 5. Preparation of navigation log
  • □ 6. Performance data, limitations awareness
  • □ 7. Weather briefing procedures
  • □ 8. Airspace classification recognition
  • □ 9. Checklist utilization recommended
COMMON ERRORS  : 
  • □ 1. Failure to comply with CFR 91.103.
  • □ 2. Failure to procure charts, computers, etc.
  • □ 3. Plotting course and / or check point faulty.
  • □ 4. Navigation log impractical.
  • □ 5. Airport / Facility Directory not utilized.
  • □ 6. Fuel reserve computation inaccurate.
  • □ 7. Desired performance exceeds limitations.
  • □ 8. Weight and balance calculations incorrect.
  • □ 9. VFR Flight plan, failed to file and / or open.
  • □ 10. Weather briefing, failed to procure.
INSTRUCTOR’S ACTIONS  : 
  • □ 1. Explain and discuss the lesson objective, and the required performance criteria.
  • □ 2. Inform pilot that Code of Federal Regulations require each Pilot In Command, become familier with all available information concerning proposed flight..
  • □ 3. Introduce the various sources of aeronautical information such as listed in the equipment and reference sections of this form.
  • □ 4. Demonstrate how to search for relevant data to be utilized by the pilot to establish the following: VFR weather conditions at, departure, en route, destination, and alternate, NOTAM’s, wind, temperature, density altitude, takeoff distance, current chart selection, routes, destination and alternates, checkpoints, proposed altitude, WCA, magnetic courses, distance, TAS, GS, ETE, ETA, communications / navigation frequencies, airport facilities data, landing performance, flight and reserve fuel required, and establish that weight and balance are within the approved limits.
  • □ 5. Demonstrate how to complete navigation log, flight plan, and the procedures for filingwith FAA / FSS.
STUDENT’S ACTIONS  : 
  • □ 1. Participate in discussion of objective, listen, take notes, ask and solve questions.
  • □ 2. Participate flight planning skills to achive complete execution of the objective.
COMPLETION STANDARDS  : 
  • □ 1. Student has demonstrated the ability to plan a cross-country flight of a duration near the range of the airplane, including navigation log and flight plan, as directed, adhering to all of the objective criteria, with accuracy and rational judgment.
REFERENCES  : 
□ AC 61-21A Flight Training Handbook
□ AC 61-23B Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
□ AC 61-84B Role of Preflight Preparation
□ AC 91-23 Pilot’s Weight and Balance Handbook
□ CFR Part 91.103
□ A/FD Airport / Facility Directory