Weather Information

Weather Information : Lesson Plan Private ASEL

Preflight Preparation
Practical Test Standards – Task Lesson Plan

DATE  :   ___________ / _______________ / ______________ 
PILOT APPLICANT    :   __________________________________________ 
SCHEDULE  : 
  • □ 12 min. / Weather Sources
  • □ 18 min. / Obtain Weather Briefing
  • □ 18 min. / Interpretation and Analyzation
  • □ 12 min. / Flight Decisions = Pilot Judgment
  • □ 06 min. / Critique and Preview of Next Lesson

Times are estimated depending on student’s ability.

EQUIPMENT  : 
  • □ Aeronautical Information Manual Preflight = AIM
  • □ Telephone 1-800-WX-BRIEF
  • □ Computer and Internet
  • □ Weather Information Recording Form
  • □ CFR 91.103, 91.155
  • □ ICAO METER/TAF Code Format
OBJECTIVE  :  The FAA requires that the pilot applicant :

  • □ 1. Exhibits knowledge of the elements related to weather information by analyzing weather reportsand forecasts from various sources with emphasis on –
    (a) PIREP’s.
    (b) SIGMET’s and AIRMET’s.
    (c) wind shear reports.
  • □ 2. Makes a competent GO or NO-GO decision based on available weather information.
ELEMENTS  : 
  • □ 1. Winds aloft forecast vs planned altitude
  • □ 2. Temperature / dew point spread vs fog
  • □ 3. Adverse weather and severity
  • □ 4. Closest VMC or IMC weather conditions
  • □ 5. Weather data and information sources
  • □ 6. Judgment GO or NO-GO decision
  • □ 7. Weather briefing procedures
  • □ 8. Aviation Routine Weather Report = METER
  • □ 9. Terminal Aerodrome Forecast = TAF
  • □ 10. Weather briefing phraseology
  • □ 11. Freezing levels and ice reports = PIREP’s
  • □ 12. Information Interpretation and analysis
  • □ 13. Weather briefer, information needed –
  • □ (a) Name and / or aircraft number
  • □ (b) Type of aircraft
  • □ (c) VFR or IFR
  • □ (d) Route and terminal stops
  • □ (e) Time of flight, departure and arrival
COMMON ERRORS  : 
  • □ 1. Failed to request a detailed briefing
  • □ 2. No-NOTAM information obtained
  • □ 3. Relied on memory, no written notes
  • □ 4. Inadequate winds aloft information
INSTRUCTOR’S ACTIONS  : 
  • □ 1. Explain and discuss the lesson objective, and the required knowledge criteria.
  • □ 2. Acquaint pilot with all weather information sources, and the ICAO METER / TAF code format.
  • □ 3. Introduce the student to the flight planner form and furnish pilot with a copy.
  • □ 4. Demonstrate and explain obtaining and recording accurately a complete preflight weather briefing which should include: weather synopsis, adverse conditions, current weather, METER hourly sequence, FA, en route forecast, destination TAF, FD, Rader Reports, SIGMET’s, AIRMET’s, and NOTAM’s.
  • □ 5. Passionately and unconditionally advise pilot to remember: WHEN IT DAUBT, WAIT IT OUT !
  • □ 6. Explain and discuss weather data, interpretations and pilot’s analyzations.
  • □ 7. Critique pilot on judgment factors and PIC = Pilot-in-command responsibility.
STUDENT’S ACTIONS  : 
  • □ 1. Participate in discussion of objective, listen, take notes, ask and solve questions.
  • □ 2. Become acquainted with all the above sources of weather information available for preflight planning.
  • □ 3. Participate in the examination and review of data, charts, reports, etc.
  • □ 4. Student will obtain a standard weather briefing for each flight, and make a detailed and legible record of all information conveyed by the briefer. At the conclusion of all briefings, student will request further explanation of any data or terms (abbreviations, etc.) not understood. Pilot has a legal responsibility to obtain and understand all available weather affecting flight.
COMPLETION STANDARDS  : 
  • □ 1. Exhibited knowledge of aviation weather information by obtaining, reading, and analyzing all of the above items noted in the objective.
  • □ 2. Student has made a competent GO or NO-GO decision for each and every proposed flight, based on the current and forecasted weather reports, type of aircraft and equipment, personal flying ability and experience, and physical limitations, and decided if the flight should be delayed, postponed, or canceled.
  • □ 3. Pilot routinely received en route weather reports, and filed PIREP’s when appropriate with FSS.
REFERENCES  : 
□ AC 00-6A Aviation Weather
□ AC 00-45D Aviation Weather Services
□ AC 61-21A Flight Training Handbook
□ AC 61-23B Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
□ AC 61-84B Role of Preflight Preparation
□ FAA P-8740-30 How To Obtain A Good Weather Briefing